Where is Rhiw?



Os hon ydi'r tro cyntaf i chi fod ar y wefan yma neu fuoch chi erioed ym mhentra bach Rhiw mae hi yn syniad dda i chi ddefnyddio'r map isod, mae llun bach o dan y spotiau Coch. Mae'r lluniau mawr i'w cael ar dudalenau eraill.



If this is your first time on this website and you've never been to Rhiw, its a good idea to use the Hotmap below, just click on the Red spots for a short pictorial tour of our little village. You will find larger versions of all of these photographs on other pages.



An over view

Rhiw is a small village situated at the southern area, - but centrally east/west, - of the LIyn Peninsula, it lies in a pass between two  points, Creigiau Gwineu, 242 meters, and Clip y Gylfinir, 270 meters; the views are stunning whichever way you look, inland and north east towards Snowdonia, yes, you can see Snowdon itself, and all its companions, cast across Hell's Mouth, over Abersoch towards the Meirioneth vista of Cader Idris and the coastline southwards past Barmouth and Aberystwyth. Turning south west and west, you overlook the rest of the peninsula towards Aberdaron, Whistling Sands, Anglesey, but also on clear days - which are not uncommon - the Wicklow Hills of Ireland.

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Enlli from Rhiw



The geological period is Ordovican (400/450 million years), with Creigiau Gwineu - Mynydd y Graig to the local population - being granite. Rhiw Mountain, - Clip y Gylfinir, - on the other hand, is carboniferous, being volcanic at one time, with huge quantities of manganese having been produced from the bowels of the hill, from six mines, three being very productive, three not so flourishing. More than 113,000 tons were produced over a period of a hundred years of on / off production, - 1840-1945. Date of the highest number of workers was 1906, when 200 men were on the pay-roll, with as little as two at times, or even none at all for non-productive periods. During World War 11, 150 was probably the highest number. Manganese was used in the early years for varnish making, glass (there was a high silica content in the manganese), paint and numerous other products, but later on it was found that manganese at the rate of 14 Ibs. to the ton made steel harder and more durable in making rails, tanks, ships, and anything that required resistance to wear and tear. It was transported by sea at first, then by road, to Ellesmere Port then on to the steelworks at Brymbo. This was the only industry Rhiw has had apart from farming, which is still on- going.


Rhiw is rather unique in a way, in a period of 60 years say, only five new houses and the village hall have been new buildings, but there have been a lot of adaptations going on, for instance, the school was made into two houses, a garage, two chapels, an L.S.A. building, (Life Saving Apparatus, where volunteers practiced and kept their two-wheeled trolley carrying their ropes, rockets, flags and all their gear for saving shipping that had run aground), cobbler's workshop, a shop or three, three or four inns, were turned into houses, so it is a village that is not wasteful of resources. Plas yn Rhiw is only a mile down the hill towards Abersoch, this is owned by the National Trust now, donated by the Keating family in 1949. It was a manorial estate at one time, comparable to Nanhoron and Cefnamwlch, built by Meirion Goch in the Tudor period.

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Old Mine works

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Plas yn Rhiw

From Creigiau Gwineu - which is itself an ancient and sizeable hill-fort, looking north 24 antiquities are recorded on maps and historic charts, ranging from settlement huts (several), to platform houses, from cromlechs (4) to terrace farming (2), plus another smaller fort so you can see that this is an old and truly historic area, full of gripping, interesting and ancient history. There are a number of wells scattered about, two in particular, that have been built up, and are about 10 / 12 feet square, being curative as well.

An axe factory lies on the north eastern slopes of Rhiw. The rock is 'hornfelsised shale,' the tools, adzes, knives, axes and scrapers were used by the Neolithic and Bronze Age people to fashion boats, carve wood, and cut up whales. It is dated as between 1150 and 1100 B.C., and was in production periodically for more than 1,000 years. It was discovered in 1956 by pure chance, when heather and gorse was being burnt to improve grazing for sheep.

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Cromlech Tan-y-Muriau

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Axe factory Rhiw


Below is an interesting statistic about the

population of Llyn between 1801 ~ 1901.

Plwyfi llyn.jpg (150181 bytes)


Many thanks to Wil Williams for his help with this article.



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