four commonest type of sailing vessel to be found trading around the
coast of Llyn between 1800 and the early 1900's was the sloop,
ketch, schooner and topsail schooner, they are easily recognized from
Single mast and the smallest of the vessels (15 to 30 tons) Easy to
sail, so sometimes they were single-handed, but normally they would have
a crew of two. They could creep in and out of the smallest of creeks.
And so were favorite with smugglers as well.
Two masts with the after one being shorter. Usually just two of a crew.
Some would call these the "work horses" around Llyn, being
Two masts, both the same length, or the main (after) mast was longer.
Two or three crew, depending on their size. Again like the Ketch, very
frequent visitors. The “Mary
pictured here was at Porth Ysgo, Rhiw, unloading coal on the 10th and
22nd of July 1914.
again two masts but had two or even three yardarms on the foremast,
these were usually the largest, up to 120 tons, and had about four
of a crew. Capt, mate and two deck hands. They would normally be found
at Nefyn, Porthdinllaen, Abersoch, Llanbedrog and Pwllheli, being the most sheltered
from the prevailing south westerly winds. As it took much longer to
Much larger vessels than these would trade from Pwllheli.
And the “Margaret
Pugh” at 693 tons, was the largest ship ever built there in 1861.