Rheolau ar fesur hyd.

 

Tri hyd haidd Un fodfedd
Tair modfedd Un palfod
Tair palfod Un troedfedd
Tair troedfedd Un cam
Tri cam Un naid
Tair naid Un grwn
Mil grwn (neu tir) Un filltir

 

Mesurid yr erwau yn drefn;

Pedair troedfedd mewn hyd gwedd fer, wyth mewn hyd cae gwedd, deuddeg yn un gyfochrol, un ar bymtheng yn y wedd hir, a gwialen yn llaw y gyrrwr o’r un hyd gyda’i law arall a’r glopa’r wedd honno a chyn belled ag y cyrhaedd honno ar bob ochr iddo, ydyw lled erw, a chymaint ddeg gwaith ar hugain a hynny ydyw ei hyd.

 

4 erw  un tyddyn
4 tyddyn un rhandir
4 rhandir un gafel
4 gafel un tref
4 tref un maenol
12 maenol a 2 dref un cwmwd
2 gwmwd un cantref

 

The Commotes of Llyn

The Llyn Peninsula in olden times had three commote’s made up of Townships and Manors, the following table shows how the land was divided by the Brythoniaid, ( Britons) according to the ancient law of Hywel Dda ( Howel The Good) which were formed in 914 AD.

4acres = 1 smallholding ( Tyddyn).

4 smallholdings = 1 region( Rhandir)

4 regions = 1 tenure ( 1 gafel)

4tenures = 1manor (maenor)

12 manors + 2 townships = 1 commote (cwmwd)

2 commotes = 1 hundred division of land. ( cantref.

The three commote’s or cwmwd were Cymmytmaen,, or Cwmwd Maen Melyn, the yellow stone of Llyn which is situated on the westerly point of  the Peninsula near St  Mary’s well.

The commote of Dinllyn, Din meaning Dinas or township hence Porthdinllaen.

The commote of Gaflogion, Gaflogion/ Geifl, being the plural of Gafl, Gafl meaning fork. The furthest point of Gaflogion is in the north i.e. The Rivals, Yr Eifl which derives from Geifl.

The interior boundary of the commote’s met on land at Cwmmwd Farm, in the parish of Llaniestyn. Up to 160 or so years ago three boulders, one for each commote were situated on this land, and according to ancient folklore, the lords of the manors would hold council in the court of Cwmmawd. The old name of Cwmmwd Farm is Llys Cwmwd, llys being welsh for court.

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Thanks Mr G Jones for this article.

Diolch yn fawr Gwilym

 

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